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Defense

Raytheon to Study Cobra Judy Radar Replacement Architecture

February 6, 2013
George I. Seffers

 
Raytheon Co., Tucson, Ariz., is being awarded a $9,817,530 cost-plus-fixed-fee modification to previously awarded letter contract for an alternative architecture study in support of the Cobra Judy Replacement (CJR) program. The CJR program designs, develops, and acquires a functional replacement ship and mission equipment suite for the current Cobra Judy and USNS Observation Island. The CJR mission is the same as that of the system it replaces—long-dwell foreign ballistic missile data collection in support of international treaty verification. The mission systems onboard the replacement ship includes high-power, instrumentation-class S-band and X-band radar phased arrays and the necessary ancillary equipment to support the mission. The Naval Sea Systems Command, Washington, D.C., is the contracting activity. 

Design Knowledge to Develop 4-D Common Operational Picture

February 6, 2013
George I. Seffers

 
The Design Knowledge Co., Fairborn, Ohio, is being awarded a $24,899,999 Small Business Innovation Research Phase III, cost-plus-fixed-fee, indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contract for research and development of the 4-D Common Operational Picture for Mission Assurance. The contracting activity is the Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio.  

U.S. Navy Awards Aegis Threat Analysis Contract

February 4, 2013
George I. Seffers

 
Systems Engineering Group Inc., Columbia, Md. is being awarded a potential $35,530,805 cost-plus-incentive-fee contract for Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (ABMD) threat engineering services. This procurement is for integrated system and threat engineering support to the ABMD. This system and threat engineering support provides for integrated weapon systems and missile development, test, and evaluation as it relates to system and threat engineering analytical tools, computer models, hardware enhancements and data generation. The Port Hueneme Division, Naval Surface Warfare Center, Port Hueneme, Calif., is the contracting activity. 

General Dynamics to Support Remote Re-Key Modernization

February 4, 2013
George I. Seffers

 
General Dynamics C4 Systems Inc., Needam, Mass., is being awarded a $9,286,309 firm-fixed-price contract to support the Remote Re-key Modernization Program. The contracting activity is the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas.  

Almost
 As Real As
 Disaster Gets

February 1, 2013
By Rita Boland

Emergency responders working under U.S. Air Forces Europe are preparing to receive an advanced simulation trainer that they expect will greatly improve the realism and efficacy of their training. Though procured mainly for firefighters, the system can be employed to exercise many types of crisis situations. Other organizations around the world already are using it for different purposes while benefitting from one another’s efforts. Anytime one user makes an improvement, that knowledge is shared with everyone, creating a constantly evolving capability.

The Advanced Disaster Management Simulator (ADMS) will allow U.S. Air Forces Europe (USAFE) the opportunity to train more realistically on the task of putting out aircraft fires than current or previous tools, according to Master Sgt. Joey R. Meininger, USAF, the fire emergency services program manager for USAFE and Air Forces Africa. He explains that the system will allow personnel to see what happens when an aircraft goes ablaze, training them for events that planners cannot reproduce. With the ADMS, users can simulate all forms of response from the minute emergency personnel receive the call about the problem through the end of the programmed event, including simulating the experience of driving to the emergency location. Incident commanders can immediately see the various effects their decisions have on situations. Once the commander assigns tasks, personnel will perform their actions in the simulated environment, giving everyone a chance to observe how choices influence events. The system will record each piece of input to help determine whether or not decisions were correct.

Depot Service Changes With Technology

February 1, 2013
By Robert K. Ackerman

The march of digitization has changed the mission of a longtime U.S. Army maintenance and repair depot from fixing broken radio systems in a warehouse to supporting troops using the newest software-driven communications devices in the field. This support ranges from testing or even manufacturing new gear in partnership with industry to integrating new information systems in combat zones.

The Tobyhanna Army Depot, Pennsylvania, has had to evolve with the changes in command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) systems in the information age. Changes in technologies and capabilities have been matched by the increasingly rapid pace of technology insertion into the force. The servicing of digital technology has expanded into new fields of operation.

Test facilities evaluate communications security, range threat testing, fire detection radars and satellite communications terminals for the Army as well as for other services. A rapid prototyping machine allows small additive manufacturing on plastics for prototyping. And, an Army language lab that can be deployed overseas helps military personnel in various countries around the world learn English so that they can train on U.S. systems and interoperate with their U.S. counterparts.

While the depot’s mission is defined as providing the overhaul, manufacturing and technology insertion services for C4ISR equipment, its activities extend into other areas that are increasing in importance in the digitized force.

“We keep the equipment going,” declares its commander, Col. Gerhard P.R. Schröter, USA.

What Color Is Your Money?

February 1, 2013
By Lt. Ben Kohlmann, USN

The Defense Department has a spending problem and must be reined in. The solution, however, goes far beyond simplistic budget cutting efforts such as across-the-board sequestration. It involves a fundamental cultural shift from both our appropriators and our subordinate-level commanders.

The past 10 years have been a financial boon for the military. This was true even as the rest of the U.S. economy was beset by recession and increasing unemployment. In 2001, the Defense Department base budget was $290.5 billion (in fiscal year 2012 dollars). By 2011, this amount had risen to $526.1 billion, excluding the funding required to sustain the Iraq and Afghan wars.

Beyond the rapid increase in the overall budget, a more pervasive and concerning trend exists: the incredible waste and inefficiency brought by established interests more concerned with keeping the spigot of money flowing than with winning wars.

Part of this is because of the ease with which the military has received unfettered access to our nation’s treasure. Because it is politically unpatriotic to question the military—and by extension, the appropriations it requests—Congress has acquiesced in pouring money into anything earmarked defense. Ironically, many of the same politicians who decry throwing money at education to improve schools hardly bat an eye when doing the same for defense.

Additionally, the constancy and security of military funding psychologically insulates the recipients of such largess from the realities of a constrained resource environment. This can lead to indifference when managing resources, especially those funded by “other people’s money”—in this case, the U.S. taxpayer.

Joint Range Tailors Cyber Training to Warfighter Needs

February 1, 2013
By George I. Seffers

A cyberspace operations facility grows with the burgeoning mission.

The U.S. Defense Department’s network operations training and education capabilities must continually evolve in the ever-shifting cyber realm. To meet that need, one of the department’s premier cyber ranges harnesses the power of simulation to support a full array of training, education, certification and military exercises for the warfighters.

The Joint Cyberspace Operations Range (JCOR) provides cyberspace operators and others the ability to train in realistic environments. The operators gain hands-on experience in protecting, defending and fighting in the networked arena without impacting real-world operational networks.

The JCOR allows users to connect disparately located cyber training systems from different services or agencies. The level of connections can vary depending on the users’ needs. “There are different ways of interfacing or integrating. We’re able to do, in many cases, both interfacing and integrating,” says Thomas May, technical project lead for the U.S. Air Force’s Simulator Training and Exercise (SIMTEX) range, which is the Air Force portion of JCOR. “If need be, we have been able to take the assets that other capabilities can provide and integrate them together so that they are actually components of our network.”

Sensor, Listening
 Device Integration
 Provide Battlefield Intelligence Boon

February 1, 2013
By Clarence A. Robinson Jr.

Industry opens up an array of real-time imaging

Sweeping advances in sensor technologies are enabling wide-area airborne persistent surveillance on both manned and unmanned aircraft. Emerging sensor systems can provide high-resolution mosaic imagery for large swaths of the battlefield while focusing on individual objects.

These intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) sensor systems are winning their spurs on the battlefield in Afghanistan. They are meeting combat commanders’ urgent operational requirements to provide city-size area coverage. These sensors simultaneously can focus on and track individual vehicles and dismounted hostiles.

Sensor systems such as the Autonomous Real-Time Ground Ubiquitous Surveillance-Imaging System (ARGUS-IS) offer radical improvements for ISR. This sensor system was developed for special operations by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). BAE Systems provides the optics and processing technologies. Argus was envisioned to be mounted in a pod on the A-160 Hummingbird (SIGNAL Magazine, June 2007, page 43, “High Hover”) unmanned rotary wing aircraft headed for Afghanistan. However, an A-160 crash during trials prior to deployment is delaying the move.

Testing with the sensor pod mounted on a Sikorsky Blackhawk helicopter continues before combat deployment. This slight deployment delay also is enabling incorporating more recent advances in both sensor and processing technologies. ARGUS-IS also may be mounted on other unmanned aircraft, such as the MQ-9 Reaper, extending time on station. The camera is being considered for additional multiple wide-area persistent surveillance programs.

Multiple Firms Awarded C5ISR Contracts

February 1, 2013
George I. Seffers

 
Ace Info Solutions Inc., Reston, Va.; aVenture Technologies LLC, Vienna, Va.; Barling Bay LLC, North Charleston, S.C.; Centuria Corp., Reston, Va.; DKW Communications Inc., Washington. D.C.; Dynamic Network Enterprises, Stafford, Va.; ECSI International Inc., Clifton, N.J.; Imagine One StraCon Venture LLC, Fort Worth, Texas; Integrated Technology Solutions Group Joint Venture, Fairfax, Va.; Mandex Inc., Fairfax, Va.; Product Data Integration Technologies Inc., North Charleston, S.C.; Network Security Systems Plus Inc., Falls Church, Va.; and Sysorex Government Services Inc. Herndon, Va., are each being awarded an indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity, cost-plus-fixed-fee, with provisions for fixed-price-incentive (firm target) and firm-fixed-price task orders, performance based contract for the procurement of business and force support services including the entire spectrum of non-inherently governmental services and solutions (equipment and services) associated with the full system lifecycle support including research, development, test, evaluation, production and fielding of sustainable, secure, survivable, and interoperable Command, Control, Communication, Computers, Combat Systems, Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (C5ISR), Information Operations, Enterprise Information Services and Space capabilities. The cumulative, estimated value of the base year is $49,918,000. These contracts include options, which if exercised, would bring the cumulative value of these contracts to an estimated $249,590,000. Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Atlantic, Charleston, S.C., is the contracting activity. 

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