U.S. Intelligence: An Introduction provides a broad overview of the roles, functions, activities and current issues facing the U.S. Intelligence Community. This course is designed to provide government, military, academic, and contractor professionals working with the Intelligence Community a firm basis for understanding the Community’s roles, needs and culture and the issues that they are facing today as the Community deals with a new structure and new threats. This course places special emphasis on the ongoing changes in U.S. Intelligence and the issues that these changes raise, and the changes that have been implemented since 2001 and how they are progressing, and is comprised of the following modules and learning objectives as listed below. We also incorporate an exercise which is particularly useful in helping the students to begin applying their knowledge to real problems. This is an appropriate course for those who are fairly new to intelligence issues or as a refresher for those returning to intelligence issues.

· Structure & Missions: the key organizing and methodological principles that guide the structure and function of the Intelligence Community; the role and function of each of the main agencies and of the DNI; and the issues that continue to be problematic in managing U.S. intelligence. The Learning Objectives include understanding the various types of functions carried out in U.S. intelligence (analysis, operational, acquisition), the roles played by each of the major intelligence agencies, the inherent issue of coordination, and a sense of how the DNI is faring.

· U.S. National Security Threats in the 21st Century: what are the main policy issues that drive U.S. intelligence; the role of the National Intelligence Priorities Framework (NIPF); the intelligence implications of the main policy issues (including terrorism, WMD, failed states; military deployments, et al.); and the role of opportunity analysis. The Learning Objectives include understanding the key issues that currently concern policy makers and how these concerns are then translated into intelligence problem sets, many of which the students will be dealing with.

· Collection: we review the strengths and weaknesses of each of the collection disciplines (HUMINT, GEOINT, SIGINT, MASINT, OSINT), the intelligence issues (as discussed in the previous module) for which they are each best suited, and Community collection management issues. The Learning Objectives include understanding how the various INTs work, which agencies are responsible for them and the relative strengths and weaknesses of each INT.

· Analysis & Production: the key issues driving US intelligence analysis, including policy maker focus, workforce issues, and the continuing legacy of 9/11 and Iraq WMD. The Learning Objectives include achieving a better understanding of the stresses, strengths and weaknesses inherent in intelligence analysis.

· Congress: a discussion of Congress’s role in oversight and the shaping of the intelligence budget, with an emphasis on the intelligence issues before the 112th Congress. The Learning Objectives include an improved appreciation for the role Congress plays in intelligence and a firmer understanding of the politics underlying many current issues.

Instructor Biography

Dr. Mark M. Lowenthal is the President and CEO of the Intelligence & Security Academy. Dr. Lowenthal has served as the Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Analysis and Production and as the Vice Chairman for Evaluation on the National Intelligence Council. He was the Staff Director of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence in the 104th Congress (1995-97), where he directed the committee’s study on the future of the Intelligence Community, IC21: The Intelligence Community in the 21st Century. He has also served in the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR), as both an office director and as a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State. He was also the Senior Specialist in U.S. Foreign Policy at the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Dr. Lowenthal has written extensively on intelligence and national security issues, including five books and over 90 articles or studies. His most recent book, Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy (Sage/CQ Press, 5th ed., 2011) has become the standard college and graduate school textbook on the subject. Dr. Lowenthal received his B. A. from Brooklyn College and his Ph.D. in history from Harvard University. He is an Adjunct Professor at the Johns Hopkins University; he was an adjunct at Columbia University from 1993-2007. In 2005, Dr. Lowenthal was awarded the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal. In 1988, Dr. Lowenthal was the Grand Champion on Jeopardy!, the television quiz show.