March 2006
By Adam Baddeley

Although Italy is involved in the Multifunction Information Distribution System Joint Tactical Radio System program to equip airborne platforms, problems have arisen over issues of software encryption.
National team is developing first prototype and planning for a system that allows portability on various platforms.

November 2005
By Henry S. Kenyon

September 2005
By Henry S. Kenyon

July 2005
By James C. Bussert

China’s new DDG 170 guided missile destroyer features Aegis-type phased array antennas and a ship-to-ship missile control Bandstand radome dominating the bridge. The ship’s numerous foreign weapons and new radomes hint at the complexity of its electronic functions.
A coastal force extends its reach and capabilities.

June 2005
By James C. Bussert

Exercises to rapidly deploy or preposition U.S. minesweepers to Taiwan could deter such activity.

The People’s Republic of China is building the necessary infrastructure to mine the ports of Taiwan should military conflict break out between the two governments. This capability would give China an effective blockade ability without the risk of escalation that would emerge from a direct military confrontation with the United States.

February 2001
By Henrik Friman

Researchers study social dynamics of successful communication in a high-technology, high-stress environment for clues to sound joint battlefield decision making.

Future military command centers may take the form of distributed networks if ongoing research by scientists bears fruit. One new project already has been adapted by the Swedish armed forces and will be partially implemented in its new operational command post.

January 1999
By Clarence A. Robinson, Jr.

Digital transmission and switching systems gain market foothold, expand to export markets, joint developments.

Central Europe’s efforts to open the economy to free enterprise are dramatically affecting the electronics and telecommunications industries. Nowhere is the emerging response to free competition more crisp than in the Czech Republic. There, new commercial and military communications system advances are stimulating rapid domestic and export growth.

February 1999
By Mark H. Kagan

Laser-guided weapon also would provide antihelicopter capability.

Israel is developing a laser-guided antitank/antihelicopter missile that will be fired out of tank guns instead of from missile launchers.  In its antihelicopter role, the missile would enable tanks to defend themselves against fast-moving helicopters that can fire antitank missiles from beyond the effective range of conventional tank gun projectiles or onboard machine guns.

February 1999
By James C. Bussert

But when it comes to front-line aircraft, imported systems still reign supreme.

The People’s Republic of China is grappling with an inherent conflict of relying on imported avionics technology while pressing to develop a state-of-the-art domestic manufacturing base. The country continues its long-term commitment to advanced avionics research and development both for internal use and for export, and foreign technology is one source feeding that endeavor.

March 1999
By Robert K. Ackerman

Digitized signals allow versatile tactical radio units, networked radar systems and wireless command posts.

New very high frequency radios are sharing the airwaves with sensor systems in battlefield networking. Both communications and radar units have become portable enough that they now are mobile nodes in an interlocking information web.

Increased digitization is allowing command networks to move information about a theater of operations like a traffic policeman controls vehicle flow through a busy circle. The same technology is enabling planners to simulate radio networks to improve deployment efficiency and to reduce interference and electronic countermeasure vulnerability.

May 2005
By Henry S. Kenyon

The goal of the Digital Army Program (DAP) is to develop a system of systems that would connect all echelons of the Israeli army. Tactical units such as this armored fighting vehicle will use a wireless backbone to share voice, video and data.
New system offers increased situational awareness through sensor fusion and battle management tools.

April 1999
By Robert K. Ackerman

New missions and rapidly evolving commercial technologies lead to widespread doctrine changes, ease enlargement tasks.

The need to extend operations beyond conventional alliance borders is driving technology development in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The alliance is embracing digital technologies to pave the way for its new command and control infrastructure, which must be flexible enough for a variety of potential missions.

April 1999
By Robert K. Ackerman

The former Warsaw Pact nation is embracing Western methodologies as it seeks to join the Atlantic alliance.

The Republic of Bulgaria is tapping the North Atlantic Treaty Organization for ideas, tactics and technologies as it restructures its military to serve European security needs in the coming century. The goal of this effort is to be a functional European security partner as a full member of the Atlantic alliance, and at the center of the thrust is development of a robust command, control, communications and computers infrastructure.

April 1999
By Robert K. Ackerman

Radars and command and control systems emerge from studies of advanced electronics, microwaves.

A Warsaw institute that predates World War II is focusing its efforts on providing Poland with advanced technological know-how to smooth the country’s entry into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Known as the Telecommunications Research Institute, the group of scientists and engineers is building on decades of military electronics development to supply Poland’s military with radars and related components that will interoperate with their counterparts among the country’s new Western allies.

April 1999
By Dr. Javier Solana

A successful 50 years of maintaining security spawns a new relationship among European and North American nations.

June 1999
By Michelle L. Hankins

Partnership pursues cost-effective solutions to implement joint force instruction.

Distributed computer simulation training is bringing forces together and trimming instruction costs for North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Partnership for Peace nations. The worldwide military training moves 27 countries toward greater readiness and interoperability and prepares commanders and their staffs for humanitarian and peacekeeping operations.

June 1999
By Michelle L. Hankins

Specifications created to achieve interoperability, quality of service for users of emerging communications capability.

A European organization is heading a global effort to develop standards for an emerging market in telecommunications—voice over Internet protocol. Aiming to write specifications that will achieve worldwide acceptance among industry, administrators, regulators and other standards bodies, this group is gathering support from related organizations and experts in the field of Internet protocol telephony.

August 1999
By Robert K. Ackerman

Global government customers, both civil and military, increasingly demand reliable network infrastructures.

German technologists are employing commercial off-the-shelf components to develop communication systems for security agencies. Under a single umbrella organization, they are combining networking services and the secure links mandated by government organizations that are potential targets of hostile cyberspace intruders.

September 1999
By Robert K. Ackerman

Geopolitical crises become opportunities when future leaders plot new military and diplomatic courses for the next century.

A U.S.-German security education institution is seizing on discussion animated by international differences to build closer ties among North American, European and Central Asian nations. Military and government participants are encouraged to explore new ideas and approaches, rather than follow the lead of existing institutions and methodologies.

October 1999
By Robert K. Ackerman

The alliance hopeful strives to modernize its defenses on a limited budget while downsizing its armed forces.

The former Warsaw Pact nation of Bulgaria is battling fiscal restraints and holdover communists as it strives to achieve its primary defense goal  of membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The country is wrestling with cultural changes in its transition to a Western-style democracy with civilian control of its defense establishment. Military leaders once trained to operate in possible Warsaw Pact actions against the West now see the nation’s civilian leadership providing full support to alliance operations against its former allies.