Homeland Security

November 2001
By Clarence A. Robinson Jr.

Terrorists target homeland, civilian-owned infrastructures that are key to most military functions.

The Bush administration’s declaration of war on terrorism allows federal organizations such as the National Security Agency to expand their electronic intelligence-gathering practices. With initial deployment of U.S. forces to the Middle East, demand to locate hostile terrorist cells and their support mechanisms immediately is rising, both in the United States and overseas. In addition, what had been a gradually growing requirement for U.S. forces to conduct information operations, including computer network offense and defense, is now switching to fast forward.

December 2001
By Maryann Lawlor

U.S. military brings knowledge gained from experiments to bear on current challenges.

The war on terrorism and heightened homeland security are prompting the U.S. military to re-evaluate its priorities and accelerate the use of strategic concepts that only months ago were in the experimental stage. Although some of the tactical approaches are not in the polished form they would have been in several years from now, certain aspects can and are making their way into today’s efforts.

December 2001
By Sharon Berry

Network security detect-and-react model evolves into a system that forecasts and neutralizes cyberassaults.

Defensive information warfare posturing traditionally has taken the form of security—passwords, firewalls and locked doors. But with less than 100 percent confidence that intruders can be kept out of information systems, a U.S. Air Force and industry team is developing a fundamentally different defensive approach. They are creating a prototype that provides advanced warning of attacks on U.S. Defense Department systems so they are prepared when security is breached.

December 2001
By Dr. Roger Smith

New technologies can unravel the complexities of global rogue organizations.

The United States has been using simulations for decades to explore the capabilities of its military forces and train soldiers to perform their missions better. In the war against terrorism, however, this technology can come out of the training centers and into the operations centers to support the country and its allies in fighting this new type of war and enhance homeland security.

January 2002
By Robert K. Ackerman

Searching for weapons of mass destruction spawns spin-offs that can serve homeland security.

While analysts now are keeping a sharper eye on possible weapons proliferation, some of the technologies they employ may play an increasingly important role in maintaining homeland security. In the wake of the September 11 attacks on the United States, experts charged with detecting overseas programs to develop weapons of mass destruction are refocusing their efforts on a new list of nations that pose more immediate threats.

February 2002
By Maryann Lawlor

Defense Emergency Preparedness Moves Into Cyberspace.

Technology is liberating the U.S. Defense Department from the chains of a single location by enabling it to become a network-centric department. The initiative to create a virtual Pentagon calls for taking advantage of advances in networking, Internet protocol, videoconferencing, mass storage and data transmitting technologies. These capabilities would allow military personnel to continue to collaborate and communicate in emergency situations even if systems within the Pentagon are damaged.

October 2004
By Cheryl Lilie

 
The Joint Protection Enterprise Network (JPEN) allows gate officers to document suspicious or repetitive activity such as a vehicle that has been denied base entry. Once the information is entered, personnel at nearby bases can be notified immediately to be on the lookout for the same vehicle.
Web-based network provides situational awareness across military installations.

October 2004
By Robert K. Ackerman

 
The U.S. Northern Command’s (NORTHCOM’s) situational awareness room monitors a range of conditions across the United States. The command must incorporate threat intelligence from overseas combatant commands with reports on domestic concerns such as natural disasters to carry out its homeland missions.
Intelligence, information sharing require different approaches.

April 2002
By Robert K. Ackerman

The attacks on the United States have opened a new Pandora’s box of terrorism.

Networked terror groups, domestic radicals, renegade states and terror for profit all threaten Western democracies to an unprecedented degree. Prospective targets might be high-profile infrastructure assets with the potential for high casualty totals, or they might simply take the form of attacks on public institutions to rapidly erode confidence in governments.

April 2002
By Robert K. Ackerman

Cold War constructs are ill-suited for anti-terrorist warfare.

As successful as operation Enduring Freedom has been on the battlefields of Afghanistan, the lack of organizational reform in domestic U.S. agencies threatens the battle on the war’s other front—the United States. Despite increased security measures and the heightened state of alert on the part of the public, the country is still highly vulnerable to further attacks by terrorists.

May 2002
By Patrick S. Guarnieri

Web-enabled techniques help prepare reaction to weapons of mass destruction.

May 2002
By Kyle A. Gerlitz

System allows armed forces to share the bandwidth wealth with emergency personnel.

A recently developed technology will allow military and local community first responders to take advantage of all available communications assets. The gateway-bridging equipment provides interoperability between commercial and military networks. Specialized military network cards support the connectivity to tactical equipment, allowing commercial traffic to travel over those assets.

June 2002
By Robert K. Ackerman

Command and communications no longer are a military exclusive.

Emergency responders to civilian crises soon may have the same command, control and communications capabilities that the armed forces use on the battlefield. Long-tested military communications technologies are being combined with state-of-the-art civilian systems to provide emergency communications when accidents, natural disasters or terrorist attacks damage or overwhelm an existing communications infrastructure.

July 2002
By Henry S. Kenyon

Secure communications offers flexibility, information sharing.

Civilian disaster response personnel soon will employ secure electronic messaging to communicate with U.S. government agencies and military services. The mobile system enables emergency management personnel to contact and coordinate operations quickly with other federal entities in the event of an emergency or terrorist attack.

September 2004
By Maryann Lawlor

October 2002
By Maj. Karlton D. Johnson, USAF

Cooperation essential to new cyberprotection model.

Businesses and the U.S. military have between them a multitude of information assurance programs to protect against cyberattacks; however, a recent research project reveals significant gaps in national policies, procedures and relationships that must be addressed to ensure success. As the United States becomes more dependent on technology and near-real-time data, information operations are evolving into a critical national security matter that requires a joint approach.

November 2002
By Henry S. Kenyon

Government and military departments train together for seamless information sharing.

U.S. civilian emergency management and law enforcement agencies are becoming increasingly capable of interoperating with the U.S. Defense Department. By enhancing communications and computer networking systems, organizations are readying themselves for flexible multiagency and multiservice joint operations in the event of a natural or man-made disaster.

December 2001
By Robert K. Ackerman

Orbital eye spies serve multiple roles.

The U.S. National Imagery and Mapping Agency is purchasing commercial remote sensing imagery, some under exclusive use agreements, to support operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Applications can range from mission planning and rehearsal to battle damage assessment and humanitarian airdrops.

February 2003
By Robert K. Ackerman

No clear pattern yet has emerged to current and future expenditures.

More than 16 months after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, U.S. government spending on homeland security has yet to settle into a predictable routine. Tens of billions of dollars have been allocated to domestic and foreign operations aimed at deterring, preventing or recovering from terrorist activities. Some of these appropriations have funded startup programs that promise long-term benefits, while others support long-extant efforts that are the only options available for immediate action in the war on terrorism.

February 2003
By Maryann Lawlor

Firms join forces to provide integrated solutions.

Corporate America is helping assemble the homeland defense jigsaw puzzle that includes thousands of pieces being put together by hundreds of people looking at a multitude of different pictures. Industry leaders agree that the biggest challenge is the complexity of the problem and the plethora of solutions being proposed by companies with a range of specialties taking widely varying approaches.

Pages