• To meet the STEM employment gap, Barbara Borgonovi, vice president, Integrated Communication Systems, Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems, advises the military and the industry to alter how they identify, hire and retain talent. Credit: AFCEA/Katie Helwig
     To meet the STEM employment gap, Barbara Borgonovi, vice president, Integrated Communication Systems, Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems, advises the military and the industry to alter how they identify, hire and retain talent. Credit: AFCEA/Katie Helwig

Defense Industry Calls for STEM Talent

October 31, 2018
By Kimberly Underwood
E-mail About the Author

The gap in science, technology, engineering and mathematics workers will only grow, defense leaders warn.

In the information age, military operations are becoming more and more dependent on network-based capabilities. Meeting the rising communication technology challenges of the future means having a workforce versed in science, technology, engineering and math, leaders suggest.

Barbara Borgonovi, vice president, Integrated Communication Systems, Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems, shared that talented workers are needed to fill employment gaps at defense companies as well as in the military. She refers to the challenge as the talent imperative.

To fill positions, industry and the government need to change how they identify, hire and retain talent, Borgonovi said.

“For years, we've heard about the challenge that we don't have enough college students that are going to study science, technology, engineering or math, STEM,” she stated. “And that's absolutely true.” The United States has seen some progress in STEM education. Between 2000 and 2014 there was a 53 percent increase in the number of students pursuing STEM degrees, Borgonovi cited. However, it is not enough, she stated.

“Technology could be as important as any weapon for the United States’ ability to maintain its advantage over adversaries,” Borgonovi said. “If your company is in the business of providing secure protected network services for the military, you are already a part of our nation's defense. So it's incumbent upon each of us to help bring these technological solutions forward and support the next generation of military network.”

Rear Adm. Christian "Boris" Becker, USN, commander of the Navy’s Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR), explained how the command is heavily technically oriented. “We're a tech-savvy workforce of about 10,500 folks, about 9,500 civilians,” he noted. “You can see the degree programs. We have a pretty high concentration of Ph.D.s doing phenomenal research in conjunction with the Office of Naval Research.”

Still, SPAWAR has unmet needs for data scientists and specialists in communications technologies, such as high energy communications and very low frequency-based technologies. “It's science-heavy stuff,” he stated. “And we need those people.”

And although SPAWAR actively engages STEM students with outreach and events for all ages, more is needed. “We literally have thousands of STEM events each year at our work centers,” Adm. Becker said. This past summer, the command held an underwater robotics competition. Teams from around the world competed at Point Loma, California. The winning team, the admiral said, was from China. The second place team was from Russia.

Lt. Gen. Bruce T. Crawford, USA, the Army’s chief information officer (CIO) and G-6, confirmed the military needs skilled employees. “We're the third-largest organization in the world and one of the most complex organizations,” he said. “And we are in what I consider to be a race for talent.”

As the Army has worked on an introspective review of its networks, the service realized it won’t have the institutional talent to deliver on its modernization priorities by 2028 if it doesn’t have enough STEM workers.

“So we're going to need your investment,” Gen. Crawford told academia and the industry. “We're going to need data scientists and computer scientists and computer engineers as fast as you can produce them.”

Gen. Crawford advised the military to maintain its collaborative relationship with industry and academia to be able to access needed talent. “What I would like to do is go through you to tap into those who have done this before, to tap into the very best and brightest that commercial and the defense industry has to offer, in blue team talent.”

“America's got talent,” Adm. Becker stated. “That's a TV show, right? Well, I'll tell you what, America's got talent.”

The leaders shared their views at the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and AFCEA International’s MILCOM conference in Los Angeles on October 29 and 30.

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I have been teaching and taking classes at UCLA to maintain and enhance my technical education. Enrolment has decreased considerable due to lack of encouragement by industry.
High tuition and large student debt has also been a factor.
the educators, government and industrial leaders don't seem to care.

This is a really good article!

I think it is time for NASA , DoD, and US Dept of Education to sit down together and come up with a joint committee to help fund and create programs for the US public schools, Bureau of Indian Education schools, and DoDEA schools to engage in a rigorous k-12 STEM education.

The craze for STEM Learning has now significantly increased in young students. The universities are coming up with various STEM Learning Programs in collaboration with other institutions & researchers.

The STEM Learning Ecosystems have a vast potential to teach the young students in masses. Every year students are applying for these programs in a big number because of the real-time practice and to represent their talents.

The London International Youth Science Forum (LIYSF) is a residential science enrichment programme for students at Imperial College London. The annual two-week science programme attracts 500 students from 70 countries aged, 16-21 years old and includes lectures from leading scientists visits to world-class laboratories, and universities combined with cultural interaction.

The keynote speaker addressed the need - the what portion.
It also left a great challenge to the education and industry for the how portion.
Hope we can repeat the success in the 50s that there was a national sense of urgency for the STEMS facing the space competition from Russia.

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