Government Research

December 2007
By Robert K. Ackerman

A U.S. Marine from Marine Wing Support Battalion 372 adjusts his radio while on patrol in Iraq. Funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) aims to build on advances in cognitive radios to integrate communications and networking far beyond current capabilities.
Efforts aim to fill gaps in commercial technology development.

December 2007
By Henry S. Kenyon

Developed by the Los Alamos National Laboratory and marketed by Vital Alert Technologies Incorporated, the Through-The-Earth communications system allows miners, first responders and other personnel to transmit voice and data through hundreds of feet of rock, concrete, metal and debris.
System peers through the earth to allow rescuers to contact personnel in deep mines, buildings and subways

December 2007
By Rita Boland

A structural beam with surface cracks has been healed through supply of healing agent from the underlying vascular bed. In testing at the University of Illinois, surface cracks were repeatedly healed up to six consecutive times with no loss in healing efficiency.
Self-healing, self-cooling innovations could transform items used in an array of applications.