The U.S. Marine Corps is ramping up to conduct operations in cyberspace as part of its everyday capabilities. Marine Air Ground Task Forces (MAGTFs) will operate in cyberspace as they do on land, sea and air, according to the head of U.S. Marine Corps Forces Pacific. Lt. Gen. Keith J. Stalder, USMC, commander of the U.S. Marine Corps Forces Pacific, allowed that cyberwarfare normally is not associated with the Marines. Nonetheless, the Corps is moving into training and making investments in cyberwarfare capabilities and facilities, he told the Thursday breakfast audience at TechNet Asia-Pacific 2009 in Honolulu, Hawaii.
TechNet Asia-Pacific 2009
The top priority for the U.S. Pacific Fleet is not merely command and control, it is command and control of command and control (C2C2). That is the assessment delivered by Rear Adm. Scott Van Buskirk, USN, deputy commander and chief of staff, U.S. Pacific Fleet. Speaking to the Thursday luncheon audience at TechNet Asia Pacific 2009, being held in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 2-5, Adm. Buskirk said that the operationalization of C2C2 is a major element of work underway in his command.
The adage of "train the way you fight" isn't working for Marines using communications and networking systems. The result is that personnel have to learn how to use vital command, control and communications (C3) gear in the field, which hinders their effectiveness in a combat zone. Master Sgt. Glenn A. Brown, USMC, operations chief, Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF)--Afghanistan, called for pre-deployment training on the same hardware and software that will be used in the field.
Budgetary pressure may force the military to change the way it procures communications and information systems. The result may be the elimination of duplicative systems and interoperability problems. Lt. Gen. Robert Shea, USMC (Ret.), executive vice president, Smartronix, former J-6, the Joint Staff, pointed out that, too often, respective services build different systems for similar capabilities at the operations level. Budgetary pressures may render that approach a luxury, and thereby force military planners to do some of the things that the services and agencies haven't been doing themselves. Gen.
Government needs to "think flat' and create a cybersecurity architecture that emphasizes a peering structure rather than a vertical architecture. Robert J. Giesler, vice president and corporate executive agent for cyber programs, SAIC, expanded on that statement while moderating an industry panel on cybersecurity at TechNet Asia Pacific 2009, being held in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 2-5. He stated that cyber operations centers should have a peer relationship rather than a hierarchical one. The hierarchical approach generates layers of decision making and latency.
The information technology arena is experiencing large tectonic shifts that are directly affecting requirements for cybersecurity. Transitions-from physical to virtual; from the premise to the cloud; from more formal networks to social networks-will have their counterparts in new security requirements and approaches. According to Don Proctor, senior vice president, Software Group, Cisco, innovation should be a strategy for managing risk. Speaking at an industry panel on cybersecurity at TechNet Asia Pacific 2009, being held in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 2-5, he said that the threat is dynamic, not static.
Technological solutions can bridge differences between the U.S. forces and other nations as the U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM) builds relationships among its diverse partners. The Marine Corps in particular are seeking translation technologies to break down language barriers in daily activities. Lt. Gen. Keith J. Stalder, USMC, commander of the U.S. Marine Corps Forces Pacific, told the Thursday breakfast audience at TechNet Asia-Pacific 2009 that the Pacific is a critical part of our nation's economic and strategic well being. Accordingly, the Marines actively engage officials with many nations in the region on behalf of PACOM.
The U.S. Army, Pacific, is pushing technological limits to link its diverse elements. While it has had some successes, it still needs some breakthrough technologies to achieve its goals over the vast region, according to Brig. Gen. Alan R. Lynn, USA, commander, 311th Signal Command. Speaking during the Wednesday breakfast and keynote address at TechNet Asia-Pacific 2009, being held in Honolulu, Hawaii November 2-5, Gen. Lynn outlined his U.S.
China and the United States are constantly redefining their relationship in a dynamic that could lead to conflict if both sides are not careful, according to a leading U.S. Asia-Pacific expert. Dr. Denny Roy, senior fellow and supervisor of POSCO Fellowship Program, East-West Center, warned that the evolution of this relationship matches past patterns that have led to confrontation. Speaking in a panel on the Pacific Rim at TechNet Asia-Pacific 2009, being held in Honolulu, Hawaii November 2-5, Roy said that the implications of the rise of China are extremely profound.
The rise of China and the growth of other Asian economies could hold serious consequences for the U.S. economy, and subsequently relations with other countries. One day, major world economies no longer will use the dollar as the basis for international transactions. And when the U.S. dollar no longer is the global currency of choice, the United States will have to enter a period of severe frugality. This scenario was offered by Dr. Denny Roy, senior fellow and supervisor of POSCO Fellowship Program, East-West Center.
National security threats are drawing the U.S. Coast Guard deeper into the Asia-Pacific region as it carries out its conventional missions in unconventional areas. Piracy, drug smuggling and even overfishing are becoming more prevalent in U.S. and neighboring waters, and the Coast Guard is finding itself forming alliances with foreign counterparts. Rear Adm. Manson Brown, USCG, commander, 14th Coast Guard District, outlined several national security aspects of its stewardship mission to a Tuesday luncheon audience at TechNet Asia-Pacific 2009, held in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 2-5.
The U.S. Coast Guard's Deepwater program has a new name and already is generating results for Coast Guard personnel. Now known as the Coast Guard Acquisition Program, the troubled effort is generating positive results, according to Rear Adm. Manson Brown, USCG, commander, 14th Coast Guard District. Responding to an audience question after his luncheon and keynote address at TechNet Asia-Pacific 2009, held in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 2-5, Adm. Brown stated that the program is necessary for replacing old equipment that may not be capable of meeting the new demands facing the Coast Guard.
U.S. counterterrorism experts in the Pacific region have turned to media outreach to combat terrorists and their allies who exploit mass media, including the Internet, to further their goals. Examples of these efforts were described by two U.S. military officers in a panel focusing on multinational operations at TechNet Asia-Pacific 2009, being held in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 2-5. Rear Adm. Sean Pybus, USN, commander, U.S. Special Operations Command, Pacific, related how experts helped host a national media conference in the Philippines to help promote better media coverage.
It is up to the United States, the global information technology leader, to set the standards for interoperability in a multinational environment-according to a Canadian naval officer. Capt. (N) Richard P. Harrison, OMM, CD, special advisor to the commander, Maritime Forces Pacific, provided a coalition partner's perspective in a panel focusing on multinational operations at TechNet Asia Pacific 2009, being held in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 2-5. In a coalition operation, countries are heavily dependent on the nation with the information-which is the United States. So, the standards that the United States puts out will affect all.
"There is no warfare area more important than cyber." That was the assessment offered by Vice Adm. Richard W. Hunt, USN, commander of the U.S. Third Fleet. Moderating a panel focusing on multinational operations at TechNet Asia Pacific 2009, Adm. Hunt outlined the challenges facing the United States as cyberwarfare increases in importance. The resultant increased capabilities of cyberspace come with increased vulnerability, and successful operations in other areas depend on our ability to control cyber and to prevent an enemy from damaging it, he stated. The admiral asked how we can protect and give assured communications flow across the board.
The U.S. military by and large is taking the wrong approach to cyberwarfare by treating it as a separate entity without the innovation that should bring. The country needs to incorporate it with other military activities and turn loose creative leadership for U.S. cyberwar activities to prevail. "What happens in cyberspace doesn't stay in cyberspace; it affects the real world," declared Jim Newman of the Navy Information Operations Command serving with the NSA CSS Hawaii.
"This is war, and we're up against the largest standing army there ever has been." That was the definition of the cyberthreat today, according to Rear Adm. Gib Godwin, USN (Ret.), vice president, Northrop Grumman Information Systems, in the cybersecurity acquisition seminar at TechNet Asia-Pacific. That cyberthreat army includes youngsters, thieves, terrorists and government agents. They are getting smarter every day, Godwin said, noting that botnets are growing in effect and sophistication. About 170,000 zombie computers in 74 countries took part in the July 4, 2009, cyberattacks. And, 2,800 new codes are created every day.
The definitions of the cybersecurity work force are outdated and need to be revamped, according to Leanne Hurley, senior associate, Booz Allen Hamilton. She is one of the speakers presenting at the acquisition seminar on "Cyber Security: Its Acquisition and Environment" at TechNet Asia-Pacific. We don't know who and what we have in the cybersecurity work force, she said, pointing out that one security job description dates back to 1980 and that people are being hired by its criteria. Government needs to do a better job of characterizing cybersecurity jobs both to staff the work force and to know who and what are in that work force.
The U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM) needs to link communicators and operators more closely to provide effective information support-and the issue is cultural rather than technological. This was the thrust of the opening keynote address at TechNet Asia-Pacific 2009, being held in Honolulu, Hawaii. This point was hammered home by Brig. Gen. Brett T. Williams, USAF, director, command, control, communications and computer systems, PACOM. Gen. Williams is the first non-communicator in that position, and his background reflects his outlook.
Federal spending on cybersecurity is expected to grow dynamically over the next five years. According to Kathleen Miller, director of procurement and logistics, DISA, chief, Defense Information Technology Contracting Organization, this spending will increase from $7.9 billion in fiscal year 2009 to $11.7 billion in fiscal year 2014. This constitutes a compound annual rate of 8.1 percent, and she pointed out that this growth rate is more than twice that of federal information technology spending.